Chacma baboon (Papio ursinus)

Chacma Baboon
Chacma Baboon grooming
Chacma Baboon carring a plant in its mouth
Young Chacma Baboon
Chacma Baboon holding its young
Chacma Baboons back lit by the morning sun
Chacma Baboon back lit by the morning sun

Chacma baboon which is also known as the Cape baboon. It is located in southern Africa and is made up of three subspecies: Cape chacma (Papio ursinus ursinus) found in southern South Africa; the gray-footed chacma P. u. griseipes), is present from northern South Africa, through the Okavango Delta in Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique (south of the Zambezi), to southwest Zambia; and the Ruacana chacma (P. u. raucana ) found in northern Namibia and southern Angola.

The chacma baboon habitat includes Woodland, Savannah, steppes, and sub-desert.

At night time the chacma baboon needs large trees, hills or cliffs, for their sleeping. Its range during the day is limited by access to water.

Their diet will consist of fruits, insects, seeds, grass small vertebrate animals, fungi and also is a scavenger.

They live in large social groups (troops) which consist of many adult males, adult females, and their offspring. There is a dominant hierarchy in which the female hierarchy is determined by the females mother, while the male hierarchy can remain in flocks with a dominant male being replaced by another male. Most of the social bonds are between unrelated adult males and females.

Our observations of the troops of baboons included the baboons feeding, drinking, grooming, younger baboons play fighting, and foraging in trees. Depending on the time of day, the moods of the baboons and other unknown factors created the multitude of activities that we observed.

Chacma Baboons playing and fighting
Chacma Baboons playing and fighting
Chacma Baboons (Papio ursinus) play fighting
Chacma Baboons playing and fighting
Chacma Baboons playing and fighting